Gabriel Resource’s use of rhetoric to promote mining in Rosia Montana, through words like “modern techniques,” “restore the environment,” all to mask the reality of what the project actually is: an open-pit cyanide mine. Nothing alludes to safety.
Envision an open-pit mine and its inevitable release of toxins, affecting the people, the animals, the vegetation, the environment. There is no protection.
Open-pit cyanide mining has been known to dry out underground water levels, evident from the Bia Mare cyanide spill later discussed. The Rosia Montana Gold Corporation (RMGC) will also inevitably contaminate the remaining water from the Rosia Montana region, extending throughout Transylvania.
Once water becomes contaminated, it will contain heavy metals such as cyanide, mercury, lead and arsenic.
What Does this Mean?
The 2000 Baia Mare Cyanide spill is a prime example tied to open-pit mining.
During the mining project in 2000, cyanide, polluting the Somes River, eventually reached the Tisza and Danube River. These two rivers not only expand throughout Romania, but are two of the main rivers throughout Central Europe. As a result, the leak of 100,000 cubic metres of cyanide-contaminated water, massacred numerous fish in two neighbouring countries: Hungary and Yugoslavia.
Consequently polluting the drinking supplies of more than 2.5 million residents, in Hungary alone!
The Domino Effect.
The pollution of the Tisza river eradicated the local wildlife, and killed 80% of the aquatic life near Serbia.
The cyanide leakage had a distinct domino effect.
Once the water was contaminated, it sprung a chain of ecological reactions. The toxic levels increased with each trophic level, infecting the aquatic life (i.e. fish, seaweed) passed on through consumption to humans and animals (i.e. by eating the fish) in turn affecting offspring and unborn fetuses (i.e. babies are born with physical/ mental limitations).
Cyanide exposure has visible toxic effects on the environment and a dangerous impact on human health, resulting in central nervous system dysfunctions and human body deterioration. The consequences of using this toxin has been recognized by the European Union since 2010, 10 years after the Baia Mare Cyanide Spill, when the E.U. banned the use of cyanide as a mining process.
The Baia Mare Cyanide Spill in 2000 is one of the worst environmental disasters in European History. Allowing the Rosia Montana Project to continue, means paving the way for the next, worst environmental disaster in Europe. Although Romania is part of the European Union, somehow they have been able to propose an open-pit mine and bypass the rules and regulations of the European Union. Proceeding with the project, will demonstrate that Romania, and the world, has not learnt from their mistakes. Instead, we are willing to accept an inevitable onslaught of disasters already experienced with the same type of mining, using the same type of chemicals, in search of the same types of minerals.